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Short for "ketogenic," the diet is high in protein and fats, and extremely low in carbohydrates. Ketones are acids released when a lack of carbohydrates triggers burning of stored fat for energy.
Short for "Paleolithic," an ancient era when humans were hunter-gatherers and didn't eat grains, legumes, dairy, refined sugar, potatoes, or refined foods.
Eating no gluten, be it in grains with natural gluten content or processed foods with added gluten for texture or mouth feel.
Eating no foods derived from animals, including meat, poultry, fish, and products such as milk, cheese, butter, and honey.